Life at № 42
Catholic seminarians in late 1930’s Pamplona taking up arms for what the church itself called a Crusade. The crusade involved overthrowing the democratically elected 2nd Republic. Catholicism became omnipresent in Spanish life. The church controlled everything. From the length and style of bathing suits, to the concession of Certificates of Good Conduct- a document necessary if you wanted to apply for a job or even a passport. And all that just a few decades ago, not centuries.
Everyone was expected to have a little book called Normas de Decencia Cristiana. Here you can see one from 1958. Page 36 decries coeducation. Chapter XIII, page 37 is titled Veraneo (summer holidays). It begins with “It is said the summer is the winter of the soul. It is when the devil and the flesh do most harm to the soul…” Chapter XX is the woman’s role in public and professional life with point 189 being sexes should be segregated whenever possible.
During this period LGBT people were harassed and arrested. In the picture below is a classification manual showing a homosexual delinquent. Birth control was illegal and so was divorce.
And here’s an arrest record from 1976. Crime: Homosexuality. That’s just two years before I was born.
Badajoz Prison for Effeminate Homosexuals (*Masculine* gays were sent to a separate prison in Huelva)
And here’s one for the ladies. A 1970 advert. The message: Your husband only hits you because you don’t have a drink ready for him when he gets home after a long day of work!